How Do Hoverboards Work

How Do Hoverboards Work
Spread the love

While we don’t know exactly why many people love their hoverboard, we are confident to say that these people enjoy riding them each day. It must feel wonderful to be on wheels and have more control over where you want to go. It’s stylish, young, and energetic. However, do you know how the hoverboards work? In this article, we will give you an insight into how do hoverboards work.

How Do Hoverboards Work

Before we get into the details, let’s take a look at the parts that function together inside the device to help you perform those wonderful stunts. After all, it’s just parts and science that make them work. The hoverboards comprise of the following parts:

  • Steel frame with a central pivot
  • Well-built logic board
  • Two infrared sensors
  • Two gyroscopes
  • Two electric motors (present inside wheels)
  • Two tilt/speed sensors (present inside wheels)
  • Power switch
  • Charging port
  • Pressure pads
  • Battery pack
  • LED lights
  • Plastic shell

Technology that works behind the hoverboards

Now that you are aware of the parts that make up a hoverboard, let’s take a look at how this thing works when brought together. There’s an advanced built-in technology which works in the background to help you move forward, backward, and side to side.

The wheels of the hoverboard contain the electric motors, and they also come with a speed and tilt sensor. It detects the revolutions per minute (rpm) of each wheel and sends the data to the speed control and gyroscope boards, which are located inside the main framework, next to the wheels.

This sophisticated built-in technology enables you to slow down as you lean backwards and accelerate the speed as you put your weight forward. So, the main team that works behind the mechanism is the gyroscopes and speed/ tilt sensors.

The tilt/ speed sensors work with a gyroscope to enable the rider’s weight distribution and translate them into real time. The gyroscope also forms the base center of gravity and relates your movements from that point. The speed controls connect with the sensors inside of the wheels in the meantime to send tilting actions to the chief logic board.

Pressure pads also play an important role in detecting the movements and helping you take the forward or backward motion. You will find a pressure pad with two switches on each side of the board – one at the front and the other one at the back. These switches are designed in a way to detect the weight distribution and move you towards the direction where the pressure is more.

The pressure pad also helps in facilitating the turning instrument as the side foot presses it forward and the other foot activates the back switch.

Who has the main control?

The main control of the device lies in the motherboard or main logic board where all the processing takes place. It works like a tiny computer located inside the self-balancing scooter. The feedback received from the speed controls, and gyroscope helps in identifying the turning, acceleration, and deceleration. It also recognizes the connection that exists between the sides of each pedal, wheel and their sensors. These features combine to give you a good balance and keep you upright.

The logic board helps in controlling the different user modes that can be found in a hoverboard. It helps in providing the cushioning allowed in learning mode, which helps in capping the top speed. It also aids in removing the training wheels when you make the transition from a newbie to a pro hoverboard rider.

Setting the balance

Setting the right balance is the key to riding these little self-balancing scooters, and the key factor is the gravity. In a hoverboard, the combination of gyroscopes and tilt sensors come together to maintain a center of gravity based on weight distribution. The actions you take with your feet will signal the motherboard to stay balanced, speed up or slow down.


The hoverboards depend upon the technology of self-balancing, and it does so with the help of various parts. These devices are powered by built-in lithium batteries that can last for several hours. You can leave the batteries to charge overnight so that next day you have a full tank. The battery life and run time are highly dependent upon the type of brand or model you use.

Click here to add a comment

Leave a comment: